Posted on March 10, 2019

The Apostles’ Creed is a statement of faith that is used in both Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches. Although it is not found in the Bible, and none of Jesus’ disciples had any involvement in composing it, the Creed is so-called because it was considered to be a record of what the Apostles taught—an accurate statement of the beliefs of the Apostles.

While many Christian scholars believe that this document was written after the close of the New Testament (probably 150 years after the apostles had all died), the Creed held an important place in the early Church, and for centuries, it has been appealed to by all branches of the Church as a test of authentic faith. In fact, it’s been regarded as a good summary of the Christian doctrine.

As one Bible commentator points out, “The structure of the creed matches the three-fold questions the early Church asked at baptisms, so it’s likely that this is part of an early baptismal liturgy. In any case, it’s as clear a statement of the basics of Christian faith as you’ll find."

Here is the language of the Apostles’ Creed as found in the 1662 Book of Common Prayer:

*I believe in God the Father Almighty

  1. Maker of heaven and earth.

*And in Jesus Christ His only Son our Lord:

  1. Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit,
  2. Born of the Virgin Mary,
  3. Suffered under Pontius Pilate,
  4. Was crucified, dead, and buried,
  5. He descended into hell,
  6. The third day He rose from the dead,
  7. He ascended into heaven,
  8. And sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty,
  9. From thence He shall come to judge the quick (the living) and the dead.

*I believe in:

  1. The Holy Spirit,
  2. The holy Catholic Church,
  3. The communion of saints,
  4. The forgiveness of sins,
  5. The resurrection of the body,
  6. And the life everlasting. Amen.

*It’s important to note here two primary concerns with the Apostles’ Creed:

  1. In regard to the phrase “He descended into hell,” this has been a controversial issue among Christians of all denominations—whether Jesus actually descended into hell after His death and burial, and before His resurrection. We shall address this issue in an article at some eventual time in the future.
  2. In regard to “the holy catholic Church,” unfortunately, many believe this to be the Roman Catholic Church. But as we know it today, this does not refer to the Roman Catholic Church. The word catholic means “universal,” and the true “catholic” Church is all those who have placed their faith in Jesus Christ for salvation.


Ike Ozuome

© 2019 . IkeOzuome.Com . All Rights Reserved.


Posted on March 16, 2019

The Nicene Creed is an ancient creed that articulates Christian orthodoxy. It was developed from an earlier creed adopted in A.D. 325 at the Council of Nicea that was convened by the Roman Emperor Constantine, in an attempt to unify the Christian Church with one doctrine, especially on the issues of the Trinity and the deity and humanity of Jesus Christ. The document contains language specifically designed to combat the heresy of Arianism, which held that Jesus was not of the same essence as God.

Other than the Apostles’ Creed, the Nicene Creed is likely the most universally accepted and recognized statements of the Christian faith. It is still confessed in many Churches today.

Here is the version as presented on page 332 of the newest edition of The Book of Common Prayer:

  • We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all that is visible and invisible.

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father through Him all things were made. For us and for our salvation He came down from heaven. By the power of the Holy Spirit He was born of the Virgin Mary and became human. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate He suffered death and was buried. On the third day He rose again, in accordance with the Scriptures He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and His kingdom will have no end.

  • We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets.

We believe in the one holy, catholic, and apostolic Church.

  • We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.

We look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.

This Creed, Overall, is a good summary of Christian doctrine. However, as with the Apostles’ Creed, there are two primary issues:

  • The first is in regard to the phrase “catholic and apostolic Church.” As explained in our article on the Apostolic Creed, this phrase does not refer to the Roman Catholic Church as we know it today. The word “catholic” means “universal.” Thus, the true “catholic” Church is all those who have placed their faith in Jesus Christ for salvation. Also, “apostolic” means “built on the teaching of the apostles” and is not a statement of support for apostolic succession.

The second issue is in regard to “baptism for the remission of sins.” This is a much-misunderstood concept which shall be treated in a later time.


Ike Ozuome
​© 2019 . IkeOzuome.Com . All Rights Reserved.